PHARMACOGNOSY

Pharmacognostic studies of 99 drugs have been carried out since inception upto 2004-2005 according to the scheduled proforma of CCRAS for the assigned drugs with regards to their origin, source, botanical identification and nomenclature. Sanskrit/Hindi synonyms, regional/vernacular names, Ayurvedic uses of drug, properties, action and clinical uses in Ayurveda and Siddha, parts used and studied, present status of drug, review of previous work, macroscopic characters, microscopic characters of the parts studied, distribution, collection, propagation, quantitative value, cell content, powder drug study, behaviour of powder with different reagents, phytochemical studies, diagnostic characters, substitutes and adulterants, chemistry/pharmacology reported in the literature (review), commercial material samples and their sources etc.

The important drugs studied include Asparagus racemosus Willd.(Shatavari) , Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. (Putikaranja), Nyctanthes arbor tristis L. (Parijata), Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Durva), Calotropis gigantea (L.) R.Br. ex Ait (Arka), Aloe barbadensis Mill (Kumari), Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall. (Kutaja), Vateria indica L. (Ajakarna), Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn. (Shigru), Juglans reqia Linn. (Akroda), Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers. (Agastha), Cajanus cajan L. (Adhaki), Clitoria ternatea L. (Aparajita), Typha australis Schum. & Thonn. (Gundra), Adhatoda zeylanica Medic (Vasa), Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre.(Karanja), Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.(Latakasturika), Mitragyna parviflora (Roxb.) Korth. (Kadamba), Evolvulus alsinoides Linn. (Shankhapushpi), Punica granatum L. (Dadima), Ficus hispida L. (Kakoudumbara), Coccinia grandis (L.) Voight. (Bimbi), Sakotaka, Ajagandha, Euphorbia sp. (Dugdhika), Alstonia scholaris R.Br. (Saptala), Phyla nodiflora Greene (Jalapippali), Phyllanthus sp. (Bhumyamalki), Phaseolus sp. Mudagaparni, Hiptage benghalensis Kurz (Madhavi)., Artocarpus lacucha Buch-Ham. A. Lakoocha Roxb., (Lakoocha), SynDraksha, Bala, Atibala Abutilon indicum (L.) Sw., Argemone mexicana Linn. (Swarnaksiri), Litsea chinensis Lam. (Medasaka), Mimusops hexandra Roxb. (Rajadani), Mangifera indica L. (Amra), Michelia champaca Linn. (Champaka), etc. Out of these detailed monographs on Pharmacognosy of Shatavari, Punarnava, Lajjalu Mimosa pudica L., Musta, nodiflora Greene (Jalapippli), Clerodendrum serratum (Linn.) Moon (Bharangi), Bhumyamalaki etc. were compiled.
Data on some of these drug's studies have been published, viz. Dioscorea hispida (Yam.), Lavendula bipinnata O. Ktze., Solanum violaceum Ortege (Brahati), Mucuna pruriens(L.) DC. (Kapikachhchu), Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene (Jalapippali), Phyllanthus fraturnus Webst, (Bhumyamalki), Raphanus sativus Linn. (Mulaka), Sida cordifolia Linn. (Bala), Diospyros perigrina Gaertn. (Tinduka) etc.
Powder microscopy and Thin Layer Chromatography profile study of fourty out of fifty crude drugs have been completed. These drugs were Amalki – Emlica officinalis Gaertn.- Fruit pulp (fresh and dried), Arka- Calotropis procera (Ait.)R Br.- Root and Leaf, Atibala- Abutilon indicum (Linn.) sweet – Root, Babbula – Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Willd – stem bark and Gambhari- Gmelina arborea Roxb. – Root. Aragwadha – Cassia fistula Linn - fruit pulp, Ashoka – Saraca asoca Linn – Stem bark, Ashwagandha – Withania somnifera Dunal – Root, Asvattha – Ficus religiosa Linn. – Stem bark, Atasi- Linum usitatissimum Linn-Seed, Bakuchi- Psoralea corylifolia Linn. – Fruit, Bibhitaka – Terminalia belerica Roxb. – Fruit – pulp, Bilva- Aegle marmelos Corr. – Fruit pulp, Candrasura – Lepidium sativum Linn. – Seed, Dhanyaka- Coriandrum sativum Linn.-Fruit, Dhataki – Woodfordia fruiticosa (L.) Kurz. – Flower, Gokshura- Tribulus terrestris Linn.-Fruit and Guduchi- Tinospora cordifolia (Willd) Miers –Stem and powder microscopy along with thin layer chromatography profile study of 12 drugs have been completed.

Research papers published since inception till March 2013.
RESEARCH PAPERS PUBLISHED
1) Mujumdar, A.M.; Pataskar, R.D.; Yelne, M.B. & Pendse, G.S. Note on the pharmacognostic studies on the tubers of Scripus kysoor Roxb. (Kasaru), Indian Drugs, Feb.1981, PP.1-3. (1981)
2) Pataskar, R.D.; Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. Pharmacognostic study of Lavendula bipinnata O.Ktze., Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. X (1-2), PP.46-60. (1989)
3) Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. Pharmacognostic study of Brahati (Solanum violaceum ORT.)-I Root & Fruit, Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XI (1-4), PP.70-83. (1990)
4) Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. Pharmacognostic study of Kapikacchu (Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.)-Root & Seed, Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XIII (1-2), PP.52-64. (1992)
5) Yelne, M.B.; Pataskar, R.D. & Sharma, P.C. Pharmacognostic studies of Jalapippali (Phyla nodiflora (Linn.)Green.), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XIII (1-2), PP.35-51. (1992)
6) Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. Use of Pharmacognosy for Research in Ayurveda, Res. in Ayu. & Life Sci. Ser., (41), Ayu. Rasasala, Pune. (1992)
7) Yelne, M.B.; Pataskar, R.D. & Sharma, P.C. Pharmacognostic study of Bhumyamalaki-I (Phyllanthus fraternus Webst.), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XIV (1-2), PP.12-25. (1993)
8) Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. Pharmacognosy of Bala (Sida cordifolia L.), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XV (1-4), PP.50-64. (1994)
9) Yelne, M.B.; Dennis, T.J. & Sharma, P.C. Pharmacognostic investigation on stem, stem bark and fruits of Tinduka (Diospyrous peregrina (Gaertn.)Gourke.), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XIV (1-2), PP. 33-43. (1995)
10) Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. (1996), Pharmacognosy of Root and Seed of Mulaka (Raphanus sativus Linn.), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XVII (1-2), PP.24-36.
11) Chaudhari B.G.;Yelne M.B.;Dennis T.J.;Borse S.G.;Nathrekar J.S.;Pawar R.Y. & Sharma P.C. (2004). Pharmacognostic study of medasaka-Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B.Robins- Stem bark , Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XXII (1-4), PP.39-46
12) A.M. Gurav; M.B. Yelne and P.C. Sharma (2003), Pharmacognostic study of Nagkeshar (Mesua ferrea Linn.) – stem bark and Leaf by Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, Vol. XXIV, No. 1-4, PP. 29 – 41.
13) B.G. Chaudhari; M.B. Yelne; T.J. Dennis; S.G. Borse; R.Y. Pawar & M.V. Sathe (2003), Pharmacognostic study of Medasaka – Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B. Robins – stem bark & wood. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi.
14) B.G. Chaudhari; T.J. Dennis; S.G.; M.V. Sathe & S.G. Borse. (2003), Pharmacognostic study of Chirabilva – Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch-Stem bark. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi.
15) A.M. Gurav; M.B. Yelne & P.C. Sharma. (2004). Pharmacognostic study of Nagakeshara – Mesua ferrea Linn.- leaf & stem bark. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, Vol. 24(1-4), 12-19.
16) S.P. Singh; M.V. Sathe; B.G. Chaudhari & K.V. Billore. (2004). Physico-chemical and pharmacognostic investigation of fruit pulp of Mangifera indica Linn. Ancient Science of Life. (Communicated).
17) S.P. Singh; M.V. Sathe; B.G. Chaudhari & K.V. Billore. (2004), Physico-chemical and pharmacognostic investigation of stem-bark of Mangifera indica Linn. Ancient Science of Life. (Communicated).
18) B.G. Chaudhari; S.P. Singh; M.V. Sathe; & K.V. Billore. (2005), Phyto-chemical and pharmacognostic investigation of Michelia champaca Linn. – stembark, Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi. (Communicated).
19) S.P. Singh; B.G. Chaudhari; M.V. Sathe; & K.V. Billore. (2005), Phyto-chemical and pharmacognostic investigation of root and stem of Mangifera indica Linn.Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi. (Communicated).
20) B.G. Chaudhari; S.P. Singh; M.V. Sathe; & K.V. Billore. (2005). Pharmacognostic and Phyto-chemical study of fruit and seed of Tamarindus indica Linn. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi. (Communicated).
21) S.P. Singh; B.G. Chaudhari; M.V. Sathe; & K.V. Billore. (2005), Pharmacognostic and Phyto-chemical study of Tamarindus indica Linn. – stem bark. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi. (Communicated).
22) M.V. Sathe & G.V.R. Joseph. (2006). Pharmacognostic studies on the leaves of Ankol-Alangium salvifolium Linn. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi. (Communicated).
23) B.G. Chaudhari; M.B. Yelne et al., (2004), Pharmacognostic studies of Medasaka – Lisea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B. Robins – Stem bark. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, Vol. XXII(1-4) 39-46.
24) S.P. Singh; B.G. Chaudhari; M.V. Sathe. (2005), Physico-chemical and pharmacognostic study of Tamarindus indica Linn. – Leaf. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi, (Communicated).
25) S.P. Singh; B.G.Chaudhari; M.V. Sathe. (2005), Phytochemical and pharmacognostic study of Tamarindus indica Linn. – Flowers. Medical and Pharmaceutical Application section, 4th AAC conference, BARC, Mumbai.
26) B.G. Chaudhari; S.P. Singh; M.V. Sathe. (2005), Pharmacognostical study of Tamarindus indica Linn. – Root, Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi, (Communicated).
27) B.G. Chaudhari; M.V. Sathe. (2005), Pharmacognostical study of Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard. – Leaf & Root Linn.- stem bark. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi, (Accepted).
28) S.P.Singh; M.V. Sathe; B.G. Chaudhari, (2005), Powder Microscopy and TLC profile of some crude drugs used in Ayurveda Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delh (Accepted).
29) S.P.Singh; M.V. Sathe; B.G. Chaudhari, (2005), Pharmacognostic study of Tamarindus indica Linn. – Leaf. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi. (Communicated).
30) M.V. Sathe; B.G. Chaudhari; K. Chandra. (2006), Powder Microscopy study of some important Ayurvedic raw drugs. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi, (Communicated).
31) M.V. Sathe; vB.G. Chaudhari; S.P. Singh; A.D. Hole. (2006), Pharmacognostical Studies of Annona squamosa Linn. – Leaf. Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi. (Communicated).
32) Gurav, A.M., Chaudhari, B. G. Sathe, M.V. and Singh, S. P. (2005). Comparative pharmacognostical and phytochemical study of root tubers of Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker, C. borivillianum Sant. & Fernad and C. laxum R. Br. in Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, (In Communication).
33) Mhase A G, Dhanorkar V M, Gurav A M, Dhar B P and Lavekar G S (2008). Powder microscopy and phytochemical studies of single drug Apamarga- Achyranthus aspera Linn. BMEBR (In Communicated).
34) Birajdar V.V.; Mhase, A.G.; Gurav, A.M., Murthy S.N.; Pharmacognostic and phytochemical standardization of Dhataki (Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz.) - Leaf. Communicated to International Journal of AYU.
35) Mhase, A.G.; Gurav, A.M.; Murthy, S.N. Powder microscopy and TLC profiles of some Root drugs used in Ayurveda. Mahratta. Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth – Communicated and Accepted.